MALARIA AND HOW TO PREVENT IT
WHAT IS MALARIA?
Malaria (also called: plasmodium infection)
It is an intermittent and remittent fever caused by a protozoan parasite which invades the red blood cells and is transmitted by mosquitoes in many tropical and subtropical regions. – Google
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
SYMTOMS OF MALARIA
Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches.
- People may experience:
- Pain areas: in the muscles or abdomen
- Whole body: fever, chills, fatigue, malaise, shivering, or sweating
- Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting
- Also common: headache, fast heart rate, or pallor
In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma, or death. Symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten. – Wikipedia
If not properly treated, people may have recurrences of the disease months later. In those who have recently survived an infection, reinfection usually causes milder symptoms.
Malaria kills one child every 30 seconds, about 3000 children every day. Over one million people die from malaria each year, mostly children under five years of age, with 90 per cent of malaria cases occurring in Sub-Saharan Africa. An estimated300-600 million people suffer from malaria each year. – unicef
HOW TO TREAT MALARIA
The treating of malaria depends on a variety of factors such as the severity of the disease, the species of the malaria parasite causing the infection and the part of the world in which the infection was acquired. A person’s age, weight, and pregnancy status could limit the options to treat malaria.
Advice: Consult a Medical Doctor
HOW TO PREVENT MALARIA
Bite prevention – avoid mosquito bites by using insect repellent, covering your arms and legs, and using a mosquito net. Check whether you need to take malaria prevention tablets – if you do, make sure you take the right antimalarial tablets at the right dose, and finish the course.
Picture from: Google